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This paper offers a rationale and a design for a graduate program in Educational Leadership to be implemented in Venezuelan universities. The rationale for the program points out that schools are the main source of leadership development, and teachers and administrators need to be aware of their leadership roles and their roles as agents of societal change. The new program aspires to break the old paradigm of educational management and educational administration which is not responding to the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Curriculum Development, Educational Administration, Foreign Countries, Graduate...
This paper offers a rationale for research studies of educational leadership to be conducted by the Venezuelan education community. The research studies are needed to: (1) analyze organizational differences between management and leadership, (2) examine various contemporary theories of leadership and leadership styles, (3) enlighten the role of the educational leader in school organizational change, (4) redesign and adapt measurement instruments constructed and validated in other cultural...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Leadership, Leadership Styles, Leadership...
This study focused on Iranian students in the United States and factors influencing their decision to stay in the United States or return to the Islamic Republic of Iran after completion of their studies. Data were gathered via a mail survey of 130 Iranian students. Results indicated that almost 70 percent of respondents expressed intentions to return to Iran. Factors with high correlation with students' decision to remain in the United States included personal freedom and opportunity to stay;...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Graduates, Foreign Countries, Foreign Students, Higher Education,...
The purpose of this study was to measure how well business and professional people from various cultures interpret symbols commonly used in international business presentations. Questionnaires contained 15 black and white symbols, selected from the clip art collection of Harvard Graphics business graphics software. Respondents from the United States, Sweden, Tanzania, and Japan were asked to write free-form responses classifying the symbols. The symbols were divided into three...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Business Communication, Cultural Influences, Cultural Literacy, Data Interpretation,...
This study applies reader-response criticism to investigate subject positions of gender, age, ethnicity, and profession through the poststructural analysis of an art work entitled "A Book from the Sky," and examines the relationship among viewer, text (the art work), and artist. A description of the art work is provided as an introduction. The study's general concern is "What meanings do viewers with different ethnicity, gender, age, and profession construct from viewing this...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Age, Art Criticism, Art Education, Chinese, Cultural Influences, Data Interpretation,...
Several schools of thought regarding media criticism, derived from diverse disciplines and literary sources, have emerged during the last decade. To examine their application to the visual communication media arts such as film and television, this paper: (1) reviews the literature of media criticism; (2) discusses various approaches to visual communication media criticism; and (3) provides examples of the application of existing visual communication approaches to criticism. Discussion includes...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Communication (Thought Transfer), Criticism, Evaluation Methods, Film Criticism,...
This paper highlights how introductory textbooks on Egyptian art inhibit understanding by reinforcing student preconceptions, and demonstrates another approach to discussing space with a classroom exercise and software. The alternative approach, an active model for spatial representation, introduced here was developed by adapting classroom approaches to multimedia computer applications, and differs from textbook approaches in the following ways: (1) establishes connections between students'...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Art Education, Art History, Class Activities, Computer Software, Courseware,...
Given the role science and technology play in economic and social development in today's world, scientific and technological literacy must be given priority as an essential component of basic education. The significance of the visual component of literacy has increased with advances in technology and picture and image usage. The United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization's (UNESCO) "Project 2000+" and the United States' Project 2061 are examples of the way...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Processes, Computer Uses in Education, Elementary Secondary Education,...
The recommendations documented in this report emerged at the Group de travail romand et tessinois de l'audiovisuel a l'ecole GRAVE's (Working Group of French-Speaking Switzerland and the Canton of Tessin on Audiovisuals in Schools) international seminar, on the place of audiovisual media education in the curriculum. This document regroups the propositions made concerning the necessity of integrating media education into the formative and educational mission of schools. It also suggests a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Audiovisual Aids, Behavioral Objectives, Curriculum Development, Educational...
The educational activities using school telecommunications that are detailed in this document emanate from two participants in the EduTex Project, which has been carried out for almost four years by the Institut Romand de Recherches et de Documentation Pedagogiques (IRDP) at the mandatory schooling level. For several years these two teachers have sought to define the contributions of videotex, electronic mail, and facsimile transmission (fax) as written communication tools used daily in their...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Networks, Electronic Mail, Elementary...
The effects of the inclusion of matched redundant digital audio on achievement, time spent in learning, and attitude toward computer-based instruction (CBI) delivered mathematics were studied with 82 high school students. Differential effects on students of varying entry learning mathematics performance were also investigated. Subjects were assigned to CBI-audio or CBI-text conditions by stratified matched pairs within three existing classes. Both groups completed three lessons from the Alberta...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Ability, Academic Achievement, Audiovisual Aids, Audiovisual Instruction, Computer...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Oct 12, 2014 ERIC
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Salary and related data is reported for 8,216 professional staff members in the 108 university Association of Research Libraries (ARL) member libraries, including law and medical libraries. Data, summarized in 42 tables, includes: filled positions; average, median, and beginning professional salaries; average years of professional experience; beginning professional salaries 1994 and 1995; median professional salaries 1994 and 1995; average professional salaries 1994 and 1995; average, median,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Libraries, Employment Experience, Foreign Countries, Geographic Regions,...
This three-day conference on the subject of audio technology for the production of materials for the blind, takes the court reporter approach to recording the speeches and discussions of the meeting. The result is a three volume set of complete transcripts, one volume for each day of the meeting, but continuous in form. The highlights of each day's discussion are as follows. Volume 1: (1) an introductory speech (by Euclid Herie) touching on the history of reading for the blind and of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Audio Equipment, Audiovisual Aids, Blindness, Foreign Countries, Library Services,...
A project was undertaken by Capilano College, Okanagan University College, and Selkirk College, in British Columbia, to provide descriptive information on adult basic education (ABE) students, their motives for enrolling, and assess the effects of ABE programs on their lives. Four survey instruments were developed: a point of entry survey, administered to students at the three institutions in September 1993; an update survey administered in September 1994; surveys of leavers conducted by...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Adult Students, Community Colleges, Followup Studies, Foreign...
This guide describes a quality process for external and internal evaluation of the elementary school education department. The term "pathway" is used to define routes through the quality process that describe any school administrative activity in terms of the indicators and examples of good practice. There are five pathways: process investigation; movement and dance; nursery/primary liaison; management of resources; and financial management. The first part of the guide presents each...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Curriculum Development, Educational Assessment, Educational...
Noting that disadvantaged communities in South Africa can be empowered by involving parents and communities in the development of preschool education programs, this report presents the achievements of South Africa's Early Childhood Education and Care (educare) programs. Educare aims to develop the young child's potential to be a meaningful part of the social, economic, and cultural community. The report describes how the community, parental involvement, and empowerment serve as elements in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Blacks, Child Development Centers, Community Development, Community Involvement,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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This fact sheet explores attitudes in Sweden toward sexuality and childbirth from a historical perspective. After describing the strict social control over abortion and contraception in place 100 years ago, and the gradual easing of those controls in response to the low birth rate, the paper goes on to discuss the 1974 Abortion Act, which legalized abortions, and the 1976 Sterilization Act. Next, the fact sheet examines the National Family Planning Program, which initiated three important...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Abortions, Birth Rate, Contraception, Family Planning, Federal Legislation, Foreign...
This booklet describes the origin of Saptagram, a grassroots organization in Bangladesh and its development into a movement to empower deprived, landless women. The organization was founded in 1976 by a woman history professor, and one of its most original features is a gender-oriented syllabus. The booklet's introduction outlines the aims of the organization, which focuses on making poor rural women socioeconomically self-reliant. The subsequent chapters discuss different aspects of the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Developmental Programs, Feminism, Foreign Countries, Health Programs, Rural Women,...
In 1979, the Indian Institute of Education launched the country's first comprehensive project in part-time, non-formal primary education. Now in its third phase, PROPEL (Promoting Primary and Elementary Education Project) is training the inhabitants of 137 villages to take responsibility for the quality of education in the non-formal stream. This booklet describes the PROPEL project, illustrating how a decentralized model of primary education can succeed. The introductory chapter describes the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Community Involvement, Educational Development, Educational Innovation, Elementary...
The principle of primary education has long been established in the impoverished sub-Saharan nation of Mali, but despite official affirmations in favor of access to education, Mali still has one of the lowest rates of primary school attendance. This booklet describes the efforts of Save the Children/USA in mobilizing community support for 22 schools in rural settings. The introductory chapter describes the country of Mali and its paradoxical situation regarding education. The next chapter...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Literacy, Community Involvement, Curriculum Development, Educational...
Born in the aftermath of social upheaval in 1970, Servol (Service Volunteered for All) is a grassroots community development organization working with preschoolers and adolescents in the Caribbean nations of Trinidad and Tobago. This booklet describes the efforts and successes of this program, founded through the intervention of a Catholic priest and science teacher. The introductory chapter provides an overview of Servol and its three programs. The second chapter describes the circumstances...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescent Attitudes, Adolescent Development, Childhood Needs, Community Involvement,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Oct 12, 2014 ERIC
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This theme issue of the Bernard van Leer Foundation newsletter focuses on the problem of teenage pregnancy and teenage parenthood in developing and developed nations, and examines the problems that teenage mothers face in different societies. It explores societal norms and values related to teenage parenting; the effects of teenage parents on children; socioeconomic circumstances related to teenage pregnancy; teenage marriage; pregnancy prevention programs; sex education; educational attitudes;...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Behavior Standards, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Early...
This theme issue contains six articles on the development of infants and toddlers: (1) "Cross-Cultural Studies of Child Development: Implications for Clinicians" (J. Kevin Nugent); (2) "Therapeutic Work with African-American Families: Using Knowledge of the Culture" (Cheryl Polk); (3) "Psychotherapy in Specific Cultural Contexts: Resources for the Infant Mental Health Clinician" (Cheryl Polk); (4) "The Critical Importance of Cultural and Linguistic Continuity...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Blacks, Book Reviews, Child Development, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Awareness,...
A number of environmental influences--social, cultural, political, economic, and personal--work against the development of sustained professional practice and a professional self-image in qualified staff in early child care centersin Australia. These influences derive from the low professional status of child care workers, the physical and emotional intensity of child care work, poor salaries and opportunities for career advancement, and conflicting social ideologies about child care work....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Burnout, Change Strategies, Child Caregivers, Day Care Centers, Depression...
This directory lists professional folklore networks and other resources involved in folklife programming in the arts and social sciences, public programs, and educational institutions. The directory covers: (1) federal agencies; (2) folklife programming in public agencies and organizations, by state; (3) a listing by state of archives and special collections of folklore, folklife, and ethnomusicology, including date of establishment, access, research facilities, services, size and format, key...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Archives, College Programs, Cultural Education, Cultural Maintenance, Elementary...
This guide provides an overview of the steps involved in creating an environmentally sustainable college. In drawing together reports from members of the Association of Canadian Community Colleges (ACCC) which have taken various initiatives to "green" their campuses, it focuses on the principles, strategies, and goals which underlie the objective of reducing or eliminating the negative impact such institutions may have on the environment. The guide is organized into four chapters: (1)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Case Studies, Colleges, Community Colleges, Educational Administration, Environmental...
This paper addressed: (1) gender equity issues in a major Canadian urban school district; and (2) made gender comparisons relating to seven specific equity measures associated with teachers who were hired from September 1982 to June 1993. The comparisons were made over an 11 year period and included consistency of work, frequency of leaves from work, types of leaves taken from work, assignments to administrative appointments, placement to teach by grade level, acquisition of further degrees,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Sex, Sex Fairness, Social Science...
This document is a curriculum for preservice teachers that attempts to illustrate how environmental education and development education are related and to provide practical assistance for teacher educators who would like to include these important fields in their programs. The project provides a focus for discussion of environmental and development education issues in teacher education in Australia. The particular audience for this project is preservice teacher education. However, the workshop...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Conservation (Environment), Ecology, Economic Development, Elementary Secondary...
This study examines the work of the Asia-Pacific Programme of Education for All (APPEAL) since its 1987 inception. Efforts to assess educational achievement at the local, regional, and national levels in India are examined with a view to achieving universal primary education (UPE); eradicating illiteracy; and providing continuing education in support of the above objectives. Chapters include: (1) "Progress of UPE: An Analysis"; (2) "Policy, Planning and Programming of UPE";...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Basic Skills, Developing Nations, Educational Assessment,...
This study examines the work of the Asia-Pacific Programme of Education for All (APPEAL) since its 1987 inception. Efforts to assess educational achievement at the local, regional, and national levels in Bangladesh are examined with a view to achieving universal primary education; eradicating illiteracy; and providing continuing education in support of the above objectives. Chapters include: (1) "The Present Literacy Situation"; (2) "Towards Education for All"; and (3)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Basic Skills, Developing Nations, Educational Assessment,...
This study examines the work of the Asia-Pacific Programme of Education for All (APPEAL) since its 1987 inception. Efforts to assess educational achievement at the local, regional and national levels in the Philippines are examined with a view to achieving universal primary education; eradicating illiteracy; and providing continuing education in support of the above objectives. Chapters include: (1) "Achieving Education for All"; (2) "Policy and Planning"; and (3)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Basic Skills, Developing Nations, Educational Assessment,...
This study examines the work of the Asia-Pacific Programme of Education for All (APPEAL) since its 1987 inception. Efforts to assess educational achievement at the local, regional, and national levels in Nepal are examined with a view to achieving universal primary education; eradicating illiteracy; and providing continuing education in support of the above objectives. Chapters include: (1) "Towards Education for All"; (2) "National Policy on Education for All"; (3)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Basic Skills, Developing Nations, Educational Assessment,...
This study examines the work of the Asia-Pacific Programme of Education for All (APPEAL) since its 1987 inception. Efforts to assess educational achievement at the local, regional, and national levels in Vietnam are examined with a view to achieving universal primary education; eradicating illiteracy; and providing continuing education in support of the above objectives. Chapters include: (1) "Achieving Education for All: An Analysis"; (2) "Primary Education during the Past Three...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Basic Skills, Developing Nations, Educational Assessment,...
This study examines the work of the Asia-Pacific Programme of Education for All (APPEAL) since its 1987 inception. Efforts to assess educational achievement at the local, regional, and national levels in Laos are examined with a view to achieving universal primary education; eradicating illiteracy; and providing continuing education in support of the above objectives. Chapters include: (1) "Towards Education for All"; (2) "National Policy of Education for All"; and (3)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Basic Skills, Developing Nations, Educational Assessment,...
This study examines the work of the Asia-Pacific Programme of Education for All (APPEAL) since its 1987 inception. Efforts to assess educational achievement at the local, regional, and national levels in Malaysia are examined with a view to achieving universal primary education; eradicating illiteracy; and providing continuing education in support of the above objectives. Chapters include: (1) "Achieving Education for All: An Analysis"; (2) "National Policy of Education for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Basic Skills, Developing Nations, Educational Assessment,...
This research summary presents a status report on the process of the thorough restructuring of eastern Germany since unification. Education and science are in the center of this effort. Explanation of the roles of education in the lives of citizens in both the former socialist and democratic republics is given. Both the ideological and practical influences are discussed. The paper gives an overall picture of the transformation process and deals particularly with: (1) thorough reform efforts...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Change, Educational Development, Educational Improvement, Educational...
This study provides an historical account and critical appraisal of the educational policies in Ethiopia since 1941. Chapters include: (1) "Introduction"; (2) "Postwar Reconstruction and the Formation of an Educational System 1941-51"; (3) "Toward the Planned Development of Education 1951-61"; (4) "A New Challenge of Educational Development 1961-73"; and (5) "Towards a Socialist System of Education." Difficulties encountered in assessing...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Basic Skills, Developing Nations, Educational Assessment, Educational Cooperation,...
This report reviews the research on issues and educational practices related to the implementation of anti-racist education. Topics addressed include: (1) underlying concepts; (2) target groups for anti-racist education; (3) the whole-school approach; (4) curriculum; (5) instructional strategies to reduce prejudice; (6) teachers' expectations, attitudes and classroom behaviours; (7) staff composition; (8) policies on racial/ethnic harassment and incidents; (9) assessment and placement of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Background, Cultural Differences, Elementary Secondary...
This paper demonstrates a method for constructing long variables using items that elicit partically correct responses across ages. Long variables may be defined by students at different ages (year levels) attempting common items within a test containing other items considered to be appropriate for each age or year level. A developmental model of understanding is described in the form of vertically equating a student's response with expectations for increasing sophistication in the response...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Development, Comprehension, Concept Formation, Concept Teaching,...
This paper addresses the problems encountered in implementing methodology that face vocational English as a Foreign Language/English as a Second Language (EFL/ESL), native language teachers in Japan. Teachers in "senmon gakko," two or three year vocational schools for high schools or high school graduates, are unable to take advantage of a significant amount of the literature describing constructive methodology in EFL/ESL programs. Social factors within and outside the schools combine...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Curriculum Development, Curriculum Problems, Educational Research, English...
This paper seeks to identify invisible factors influencing language institutions in Japan that consciously or unconsciously treat non-Japanese teachers in a totally different way from the way they treat their Japanese counterparts. Among the factors are the social, organizational, and legal parameters surrounding non-Japanese teachers in Japan. The objectives of this paper are to: (1) describe these social and legal factors of language education in Japan that might lead to a conflict between...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Conflict Resolution, Foreign Countries, Foreign Nationals, Institutional Environment,...
This study analyzed responses to members of different outgroups or persons of another nationality, race, religion, culture, and social class in formerly West and East Germany and in the United States. These analyses support the position that a person's general values, specifically materialism or postmaterialsim, and general beliefs concerning control issues are related to the degree of prejudice shown. Cross-cultural research contributes to understanding of the underlying dynamics of prejudice....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Bias, Cross Cultural Studies, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Locus of Control,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Oct 12, 2014 ERIC
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This document describes a Polish program that enables students and teachers to experience state government on a personal level. Fifty students and ten teachers were invited to Warsaw (Poland) for five days to participate in didactic games, simulations, and meetings with social activists, politicians, civil servants, and journalists. The project's evaluation examined these experiences closely, describing activities and reactions from participants along with shortcomings of the project. Chapters...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Citizen Participation, Citizenship Education, Civics, Elementary Secondary Education,...
This document details the development and implementation of a course for teacher education in Poland. The course, "The School in Democratic Society," was prepared between September 1992 and December 1993 as a cooperative effort between the Polish Ministry of National Education and the Citizenship Development for a Global Age Program of the Mershon Center at The Ohio State University. First, a definition is given of the main aspects of the school's operation in a democratic society and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Course Content, Curriculum Development, Curriculum Guides, Education Courses,...
This study presents an analysis of economics instruction for high school students in various nations in the world and a rationale for economics instruction in Russia to develop a market-oriented economy. The development of the present economic curriculum in the United States is traced and the "Framework for Teaching Economics" (1977), used as the model for most economic instruction is discussed. For the Russians to develop their economic curriculum, they must first develop a working...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Economic Change, Economic Development, Economic Impact, Economic Opportunities,...
This document is an exercise for teachers who are seeking to increase student understanding of the rise and expansion of democracy in new or emerging nations. The exercise complements the National Education Goals for Student Achievement and Citizenship. By design, the exercise challenges students to plan and to conduct (based on the timeless principles of democracy) the democratization of a private business organization, the Botswana Confederation of Commerce, Industry and Manpower (BOCCIM) in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Citizenship Education, Civics, Democracy, Democratic Values, Developing Nations,...
This paper discusses the importance of civic education in the transformation from totalitarian communism to constitutional democracy in Central and Eastern Europe. The primary question of civic education for this great transformation is: What are the few core ideas of democratic civic education that learners must know and support to prepare them for citizenship in a democracy? This discussion highlights fundamental elements of any workable and conceptually sound curriculum. These elements may...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Citizenship Education, Civics, Curriculum Development, Democracy, Democratic Values,...
Reporting on a pilot study of urban junior high students, this report examines the way young people acquire perceptions of their own and other nations and attempts to identify the sources of those ideas. This action research approach used a survey research instrument with a 20-item semantic differential form to measure students' knowledge of and judgments about the United States, Canada, and Russia. In this 1991-92 pilot study, a convenience sample of 163 New York metropolitan area middle and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Classroom Research, Comparative Analysis, Cultural Images, Educational...
The project sees study of art culture through primary source inquiry as a valuable experience for the art educator. Regardless of the culture, artist, or time period studied, the work of art makes itself known through both intellectual and emotive responses to it. Through description of Mayan culture, society, and artifacts, art as an extension of, and response to, contextual expression, should not be taken out of context. The dilemma for multiculturally sensitive art educators is how to keep...
Topics: ERIC Archive, American Indians, Art Education, Art History, Cultural Awareness, Cultural...
This paper offers college teachers guidelines for improving their teacher made tests. It notes that teachers may focus on how well students have learned course objectives while being unaware of how the testing process itself contributes to the results obtained. The paper reports the results of a test-taking workshop designed to improve college students' testing awareness and test taking skills. An opening section identifies eight steps in the test construction process and discusses item bias...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Quality Control, Teacher...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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A review of literature and interviews with 57 teachers were conducted to determine general measures and specific strategies to improve teacher satisfaction and reduce teacher dissatisfaction. The 57 interviewees were teachers who had resigned from the New South Wales (Australia) Department of School Education in 1991. The interviews revealed that the teachers' greatest source of satisfaction was clearly pupil achievement. Other sources of satisfaction were changing pupil behavior and attitudes;...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Change Strategies, Elementary School Teachers, Elementary Secondary Education,...
This publication contains two papers on the implications of school decentralization for teacher education, student achievement, and democracy. The first paper, "Devolution in Education Systems: Implications for Teacher Professional Development and Pupil Performance" (Geoff Whitty), explores the way education reform movements for decentralization have developed generally by looking at how reforms have worked in England with some cross references to experiences in New Zealand and the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Community Control, Decentralization, Democracy, Educational...
This report examines recruitment and retention of Aboriginal teachers in Saskatchewan (Canada) a decade after principles of equity were voluntarily adopted by some public school divisions. Data were gathered via questionnaires completed by 25 teachers of Aboriginal ancestry, 17 graduates of the Saskatchewan Urban Native Teacher Education Program, and 15 directors of education as well as interviews with 6 teacher education program graduates and 6 directors of education. Forces that restrain and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Change Strategies, Cultural Context, Educational Improvement, Elementary Secondary...
This study compared and investigated the attitudes toward educating for international understanding in college students preparing to become elementary school teachers in Finland and the United States--particularly California. The study also explored whether participants thought their respective teacher education programs had prepared them to educate for international understanding. A questionnaire was distributed to a sample of students training to become elementary teachers in each of the two...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, Comparative Analysis, Cultural Awareness, Education Majors,...
This paper describes the experiences of an American teacher who taught English to individuals in Bene, Haiti for 10 days in the summer of 1993. The paper describes preparation for the teaching experience, discusses the experience itself, and offers a social and educational analysis of the experience. The paper discusses living conditions, transportation arrangements, the language barrier, Voodoo practices, physical expression in the Haitians' native language of Creole, fatalism, poor public...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Cultural Differences, Curriculum, Educational Methods, Elementary...
This paper describes the general features of educational reform in Spain that emphasize increased school autonomy and teacher collaboration and professionalization and have been initiated since 1978 when a new constitution was democratically approved. The first section which offers background to the reforms describes the general impact of the new constitution, general education law from 1979 to 1990, and incorporation into the European Community in 1986. The second section looks at teachers in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cooperation, Curriculum Design, Decision Making, Democracy, Educational Change,...
This paper assesses how French and English elementary school teachers have responded to broad, radical educational policy changes affecting individual teachers and schools. The paper uses findings from two linked studies, the Primary Assessment Curriculum and Experience (PACE) project in England and the Primary Teachers and Policy Change (STEP) project in France, and compares them with base-line data collected as part of the BRISTAIX project in both countries between 1984 and 1987 before the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Comparative Education, Educational Change, Educational Policy, Elementary Education,...
The French vocational baccalaureat was created in response to labor market changes and technological innovations of the early 1980s. Unlike France's general and technical baccalaureats, the vocational baccalaureat normally guarantees immediate entry into working life. It is generally prepared for in 2 years after an initial period of vocational training recognized by a Vocational Studies Certificate (BEP). At the beginning of the 1985-86 academic year, only 1,300 individuals were preparing for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Education Work Relationship, Educational Trends, Employment Level, Employment...
In the last 5 years, almost 1.5 million immigrants of German origin have come to Germany. They consider their immigration a return to their homeland. Nevertheless, their social integration is not without problems. Many of the immigrants have little knowledge of German, their values are not related to today's Germany, and Germans increasingly perceive these newcomers as competitors for scarce economic resources. The immigrants' vocational training and work experience does not comply with German...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adults, Employment Patterns, Foreign Countries, Immigrants, Job Skills, Job Training,...
This theme issue contains 10 articles related to core issues of the World Summit for Social Development in Copenhagen in March 1995. "Social Summit, People, and Education" (Om Shrivastava) addresses the summit's focuses: elimination of poverty, reduction of unemployment, and social integration. "Education for All by the Year 2000" (T. M. Sakya) considers problems of and prospects for basic education. "Challenge of Literacy in Bangladesh" (A. K. M. Anisur Rahman)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Developing Nations, Development, Elementary Secondary...
Mainland China's current education reform has three aims: to enhance and universalize compulsory education, to increase the number of schools and qualified teachers, and to develop vocational and technical education. The secondary education sector is composed of a 3-year junior high and 3-year senior high school, divided into general (academic) schools and vocational and technical schools. China's students are expected to develop in an all-round way--morally, intellectually, and physically--and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Developing Nations, Educational Policy, Foreign Countries, High Schools, Intermediate...
The national policies on preparing youth for the work force in the United States and Finland were compared through a retrospective review of past policy decisions. Qualitative data were gathered by analyzing key policy documents and by conducting focus group interviews with reform stakeholders within three Finnish experimental school divisions and three tech prep consortia representing rural, urban, and suburban areas of one state in the United States. The focus group interview results were...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Comparative Analysis, Consortia, Education Work Relationship, Educational...
The international vocational education research collaboration between the University of Jyvaskyla (UJ) and Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (VPISU), which began in 1993, was studied. Information for the case study was gathered from questionnaire and interview data from linkage participants from VPISU, seven UJ researchers, and four administrators. When asked which cultural collaboration competencies were most important, the Finnish respondents emphasized professional...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Case Studies, Comparative Analysis, Cultural Exchange, Educational Research, Foreign...
This document contains detailed curriculum outlines and teacher support materials for the General Curriculum Options (GCO) stream of the Certificates of General Education (CGE) for Adults in Victoria, Australia. The following topics are discussed in the introduction: purpose of the guide, details of GCO subject areas, accreditation framework and its credentials, CGE for adults, history of the GCO stream, curriculum design implications of the English-as-a-Second-Language/literacy interface, and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Basic Skills, Behavioral Objectives, Competence, Competency...
This book, which is intended as a resource for trainers, managers, supervisors, union representatives, or writers of training materials, contains six sections dealing with various aspects of the process of writing a wide range of workplace documents. Discussed in section 1 is the importance of identifying the purpose, topic, and audience of workplace documents before actually writing them. Section 2 outlines the process of organizing a document. The effects of different types of language,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Behavioral Objectives, Check Lists, Foreign...
This manual is designed to provide primary health care program managers with guidance on how to use cost analysis and cost-effectiveness analysis as tools to achieve better understanding and management of resource flows. Although it has been prepared primarily for program managers at national, regional, and district levels, other health professionals can learn from it through a short training course or by individual study. Part A introduces unit financial costs and provides a first look at the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Cost Effectiveness, Cost Estimates, Developing Nations, Efficiency,...
This guide is designed to explore how British further education colleges can open up their vocational programs to the whole community and to describe the sort of strategic planning necessary to achieve flexible access. Chapter 1 discusses the content and purpose of the handbook. Chapter 2 provides an overview of the new framework for vocational qualifications in the United Kingdom, details main elements, and raises issues on access and credit accumulation. Chapter 3 illustrates flexible...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Access to Education, Adult Education, Adult Students, College Credits, Community...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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This annotated bibliography lists more than 340 resources for adult literacy programs (especially in Canada). All materials are listed by title; grade levels, prices, International Standard Book Numbers, and order numbers are included when available. Resources that include skills instruction are grouped into the following sections: reading, spelling and vocabulary, writing, learner and tutor writings, numeracy (print materials and games and concrete materials), social studies, science, General...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Adult Programs, Adult Students, Educational...
A survey of Local 343-United Brotherhood of Carpenters & Joiners of America and the Manitoba Construction Labour Relations Association, Manitoba, determined the critical, essential, and important workplace skills of carpenters. A survey instrument was developed and mailed to 438 active members of Local 343; 110 surveys were completed and returned. Data were analyzed to determine the critical, essential, and important workplace literacy skills of carpenters based on the percentage and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Basic Skills, Building Trades, Carpentry, Communication...
The Environmental Improvement Project at Hudson Bay Mining and Smelting in Flin Flon, Manitoba, presented a unique opportunity for field observation and assessment. Field observation of the approximately 70 carpenters employed with various companies provided information on the types of communication used and the circumstances in which the different types were used. The work force included certified, noncertified, and apprentice carpenters from the local area, other northern centers, Winnipeg,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Basic Skills, Building Trades, Carpentry, Data Collection,...
A project of Local 343 of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America and the Construction Labour Relations Association (CLRA) of Manitoba documented the workplace literacy skills needed by union carpenters on job sites in Manitoba. The following techniques were used: mailed questionnaires to the carpenter members of Local 343 and to employer members of CLRA Manitoba, individual and group interviews, and onsite observations. The workplace literacy skills identified during the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Basic Skills, Building Trades, Carpentry, Communication...
In 1992, United Grain Growers (UGG) and Manitoba Pool (MP) formed a partnership to examine the literacy and numeracy needs of their rural grain elevator operators and the potential of delivering a communications enhancement program in the rural areas. During part 1, the committee held a series of initial planning meetings. Both companies held management meetings to communicate the program profile, enlist support, and answer questions. Ninety-eight employees from both companies were interviewed...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Agricultural Education, Agricultural Production, Basic Skills,...
A project assessed perceptions of manufacturing employers regarding the workplace literacy skills of occupational groups in their industry in Manitoba. A mailed survey was sent to 125 members of the Canadian Manufacturers' Association; 41 completed it. The first part of the survey obtained information about the occupations in manufacturing and required reading, writing, math, and communication skills. The second part gathered employers' perceptions about workplace literacy skills and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Basic Skills, Educational Research, Employer Attitudes,...
A project explored and addressed the communication barriers to union participation of stewards and members of the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union (ACTWU). A questionnaire was developed and distributed to over 300 ACTWU members; 153 responded. Other commitments and communication skills were identified as key barriers to greater participation in the union. The English program courses were held at a plant that experienced a temporary layoff and at two side-by-side plants. Almost all...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Access to Education, Adult Basic Education, Basic Skills, Communication Skills,...
A project examined the skills gap within the mining industry, identified and prioritized skills common to all jobs and occupations, and provided insight into skills that workers are likely to need in the future. The research for the basic skills needs assessment was conducted from June-October 1993 at INCO's Manitoba Division Operations in Thompson, Manitoba. The following techniques were used: basic skills survey, basic skills task analysis, basic skills assessment, and workplace reading...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Basic Skills, Communication Skills, Educational Research,...